Jack the Giant-Killer

Jack the Giant-Killer
   This story - or rather, this string of episodes attached to one hero - is known to have existed in a *chapbook of 1711, now lost, and is mentioned by several 18th-century writers as having pleased them greatly when young; the earliest surviving text, entitled The History of Jack and the Giants, is from the 1750s or 1760s. Several of the giants Jack kills are localized in Cornwall. He defeats them by traditional tricks - he lures one into a pit and beheads him; foils an ogre's murderous plan by substituting a log for himself in bed, thus seeming invulnerable; and convinces the ogre that he has just slit his own stomach open, so that the latter kills himself in trying to do the same. He gains various treasures and rewards, and rescues princesses. The central section has a more sustained plot, in which Jack becomes servant to King Arthur's son and breaks the spell on a princess whom Arthur's son wants to marry. The final sections are again episodic, and mainly humorous, though one ogre does utter the famous rhyme known already in Shakespeare's time (see King Lear, iii. iv):
   Fee, fau, fum,
   I smell the blood of an English man,
   Be he alive, or be he dead,
   I'll grind his bones to make my bread.
   The popularity of these chapbooks is shown by frequent casual allusions in 18th- and 19th-century literature. They formed the basis for many retellings, the first being in J. O. Hal-liwell, Popular Rhymes and Nursery Tales of England (1849); the full chapbook text is in Opie and Opie, 1974: 47-65, and a summary will be found in Briggs, 1970-1: A. i. 329-31. An oral version was collected in Herefordshire in 1909 (Leather, 1912: 174-6; Philip, 1992: 11-17).

A Dictionary of English folklore. . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jack the Giant Killer — Jack Jack (j[a^]k), n. [F. Jacques James, L. Jacobus, Gr. ?, Heb. Ya aq[=o]b Jacob; prop., seizing by the heel; hence, a supplanter. Cf. {Jacobite}, {Jockey}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A familiar nickname of, or substitute for, John. [1913 Webster] You… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jack, the Giant Killer — is a 1987 novel by Charles De Lint. It is an update of the classic Grimm s Fairy Tale, Jack the Giant Killer, taking place in modern day Canada.The plot concerns a young woman named Jacky, depressed from a recent breakup, who gets drunk one night …   Wikipedia

  • Jack the Giant Killer — [Jack the Giant Killer] ; » ↑Jack and the Beanstalk …   Useful english dictionary

  • Jack the Giant Killer — Infobox Folk tale Folk Tale Name = Jack the Giant Killer Image Caption = The giant Cormoran was the terror of all the country side. Illustration by Arthur Rackham from English Fairy Tales (1918) by Flora Annie Steel AKA = Aarne Thompson Grouping …   Wikipedia

  • Jack the Giant Killer — Este artículo o sección se refiere o está relacionado con una producción cinematográfica futura o en desarrollo. La información de este artículo puede cambiar frecuentemente. Por favor, no agregues datos especulativos y recuerda colocar… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jack the Giant Killer (disambiguation) — Jack the Giant Killer is a fairy tale. It may also refer to: * Jack, the Giant Killer , a 1987 novel by Charles De Lint * Jack the Giant Killer (film), a 1962 film version * Johnny the Giant Killer , a 1950 animated filmee also*Jack and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Jack the Giant Killer (film, 2012) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jack le tueur de géants. Jack the Giant Killer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jack the Giant Killer (film) — Infobox Film name = Jack the Giant Killer image size = caption = Original theatrical poster director = Nathan H. Juran producer = Edward Small Robert E. Kent writer = Orville H. Hampton Nathan H. Juran narrator = starring = Kerwin Mathews Judi… …   Wikipedia

  • Jack the Giant Killer — ➡ Jack and the Beanstalk. * * * …   Universalium

  • Jack the Ripper fiction — Jack the Ripper has been featured in a number of works of fiction, either as the central character or in a more peripheral role.Novels and short stories*The most famous Jack the Ripper novel is The Lodger (1913) by Marie Belloc Lowndes, which in… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”